Hydrogen (H₂) is a molecule that makes up 98% of the known universe, and it is the third ‎most abundant element on the Earth’s surface. Hydrogen’s boiling point is -252.9°C, and ‎its melting point is -259.1°C. It is the second coldest known fluid, next to helium. It is the ‎lightest of all the gases; Earth’s gravity is not strong enough to hold it in its atmosphere. ‎Therefore, when Hydrogen gas is released, it will rise up and eventually escape into space. ‎Hydrogen is a component of Water, minerals, and acids. It makes up a fundamental part ‎of all hydrocarbons and organic substances. Next to helium, it is the coldest known fluid. ‎Hydrogen is valued for its reactive and protective properties.‎

Hydrogen is produced by:‎
Hydrogen and Oxygen are produced using the principle of Water electrolysis. Hydrogen ‎and Oxygen, the two components of Water (H2O), are separated by passing a high ‎electrical current through an electrolyte. Each gas purified in its own separate circuit is ‎then pumped into the cylinders. We also use a process called Steam-Methane Reforming ‎‎(SMR) to produce Hydrogen. This process, by the use of an external heat source, heats ‎tubes in which a catalyst reaction takes place. The reaction separates natural gas into two ‎components, Hydrogen and Carbon Monoxide.‎‎

Some Applications of Hydrogen:

      ⦿ Petroleum Refining
      ⦿ Semiconductor manufacturing
      ⦿ Aerospace Applications
      ⦿ Glass Production Processes
      ⦿ Fertilizer Production
      ⦿ Cryogenic
      ⦿ Welding and heat-treating applications
      ⦿ Fuel for transportation
      ⦿ Pharmaceutical industry Applications
      ⦿ Energy Production and Energy Carrier
      ⦿ Manufacturing Processes


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